Biography Of Former Arsenal Coach, Arsene Wenger

Our personality we will be writing on today will be from the sport world. Arsene Wenger, the longest serving manager at Arsenal will be our guest today on our biography writing/listing. His fantastic briefs are below.. Courtesy of Wikipedia and Brainnews Radio. HAPPY READING!

Biography Of Arsenal Coach, Arsene Wenger
Arsene Wenger

Arsène Wenger, OBE (French pronunciation: ​[aʁsɛn vɛŋɡɛʁ]; born 22 October 1949), is a French football manager and former player. He has been the manager of Arsenal since October 1996, where he has since become the club’s longest-serving manager and most successful in terms of major titles won. He will leave the club in May 2018 after 22 years as manager. Football pundits give Wenger credit for his contribution to the revolutionizing of football in England in the late 1990s through the introduction of changes in the training and diet of players.


Wenger was born in Strasbourg and raised in Duttlenheim. He was introduced to football by his father, the manager of the local village team. After a modest playing career, in which he made appearances for several amateur clubs, Wenger obtained a manager’s diploma in 1981. Following an unsuccessful period at Nancy which culminated in his dismissal in 1987, Wenger joined AS Monaco; the club won the league championship in 1988. In 1991, Wenger guided Monaco to victory in the Coupe de France, but their failure to regain the league title in later seasons led to his departure from the club by mutual consent in 1994. He briefly coached Japanese J.League side Nagoya Grampus Eight, which won the Emperor’s Cup and Japanese Super Cup during his stint.


In 1996, Wenger was named manager of Arsenal and two years later the club completed a league and FA Cup double. The club won another league and cup double in 2002 and retained the FA Cup a year later. In 2004, Wenger managed Arsenal to an undefeated league season, a feat last accomplished by Preston North End, 115 years previously. Arsenal later eclipsed Nottingham Forest’s record of 42 league matches unbeaten and went seven more matches before losing in October 2004. The club made their first appearance in a Champions League final in 2006, though they lost to Barcelona. After a period of nine years without a trophy, which coincided with the club relocating to the Emirates Stadium, Wenger guided Arsenal to further FA Cup success in 2014, 2015 and 2017.

ALSO READ: Arsene Wenger Resigns As Arsenal Coach

The nickname “Le Professeur” (French: usually translated as “The Teacher”[3][4]) is used by fans and the British media to reflect Wenger’s studious demeanour. His approach to the game emphasises an attacking mentality, with the aim that football ought to be entertaining on the pitch. Wenger’s Arsenal teams have been criticised for their indiscipline; his players received 100 red cards between September 1996 and February 2014, though the team has won awards for sporting fair play. At Monaco, Wenger earned a reputation for spotting young talent, and he has remained focused on developing a youth system.

Early life
Arsène Wenger[5] was born on 22 October 1949 in Strasbourg, Alsace, the youngest of three children born to Alphonse and Louise Wenger. He lived in Duppigheim during the 1950s, but spent most of his time in the neighbouring village of Duttlenheim, ten miles south-west of Strasbourg. Alphonse, like many Alsatians, was conscripted into the German Army by force following Germany’s earlier annexation of the French region of Alsace-Lorraine.[7] He was sent to fight on the Eastern Front in October 1944, at the age of 24.

The Wengers owned an automobile spare parts business and a bistro titled La croix d’or.[8] It meant that they had difficulty looking after their children, but Duttlenheim was a village where everyone took care of the young; Wenger compared it in later years to a kibbutz.[8] Before Wenger started school, he expressed himself in the local Alsatian dialect of Low Alemannic German.[9] The primary school which Wenger attended was run by the Catholic Church,[10] and as one of its brightest students, he later was accepted into a secondary school in Obernai.[11]

According to his father, who also managed the village team, Wenger was introduced to football “at about the age of six”.[12] He was taken to games in Germany, where he held an affection for Borussia Mönchengladbach.[1] Alsace was an area steeped in religion; Wenger and the village boys often needed to seek permission from the Catholic priest to miss vespers in order to play football.[13]

Playing career
Because the population of Duttlenheim was short in numbers, it proved difficult to field a team of 11 players of equal ages; Wenger did not play for FC Duttlenheim until the age of 12.[14] Claude Wenger, a teammate of Arsène’s, noted his lack of pace as a player, which he made up for with his “ability to guard the ball, [seeming] to have a complete vision of the pitch and having an influence among his team-mates”, according to Marcel Brandner, the president of FC Duttlenheim.[7] As a young teenager, he was called Petit; the nickname ceased when he had a growth spurt and broke into FC Duttlenheim’s first team, aged 16.[15] The team did not have a coach to prepare the players tactically, rather a person who supervised training sessions.[16] Wenger took it upon himself to manage the side, with Claude stating “Arsène wasn’t the captain and yet he was. It was ‘You do this, you do that, you do this, you do that.’ He was the leader”.

Wenger’s manager at RC Strasbourg, Gilbert Gress
In 1969 Wenger was recruited to nearby third division club Mutzig.[17] The club was famed for playing the “best amateur football” in Alsace and managed by Max Hild, who would later go on to become Wenger’s mentor.[8] Wenger’s emergence at Mutzig aged 20 was considered too late for him to build a reputable playing career.[18] Football was not seen as his future; the plan was for him to run the family’s spare parts business. He was however of the age to start increasing his tactical knowledge of the sport.[18] He frequently read France Football and alongside Hild made trips to Germany to watch Bundesliga matches and observe the different managerial styles.[18][19] During Wenger’s three years at Mutzig, the club beat FC Strasbourg 06 3–0 to win the Coupe d’Alsace.[20][21][22] He also represented Alsace in a competition held annually between the regional leagues.[23]

Wenger took his studies further and in 1971 enrolled at the Faculté des sciences économiques et de gestion (Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences) at the University of Strasbourg to read politics and economics after a brief stint in medicine.[17] In 1973 he joined semi-professional club Mulhouse and balanced his football career with his education.[23][24] Wenger completed an economics degree[nb 1] a year later.[29] He was selected to represent the national French students squad and visited Nigeria, Lebanon, and Uruguay – where the World Students Championship was held in 1976.[30] Wenger did not participate in the event as he was injured; Jean-Luc Arribart, captain of the team recalled: “By the end of that trip, Arsène had almost taken on the role of assistant coach and team joker rolled into one.”[31]

At Mulhouse, Wenger was managed by Paul Frantz, who also had a profound impact on his career. It was he who formalised Wenger’s beliefs on the importance of nutrition, isometrics and working on a player’s strong points.[32] Wenger played in midfield for Mulhouse, often positioned on the right. In their final game of the 1974–75 season, the club beat AS Nancy to avoid relegation, but shortly afterwards, Frantz resigned.[33] Wenger also made the decision to leave, as the regular commutes to Mulhouse from Strasbourg overwhelmed him.[33] In 1975, he rekindled his friendship with Hild and signed for amateur club ASPV Strasbourg (Vauban).[33] Hild needed a midfielder “who could organise play and also have a sort of hold over the team” and decided to recruit Wenger.[33] Vauban was formed in 1971 and made steady progress up the French football league system thereafter; Wenger’s three seasons at the club culminated with promotion to the third division.[34]

In 1978, Hild joined RC Strasbourg as coach of the reserve team.[35] The role required him to scout, so Hild wanted an experienced player to work with the youth while he was away.[35] Both Hild and Frantz recommended Wenger, which convinced manager Gilbert Gress to appoint him.[36] Wenger’s playing career at the age of 28 began to wane, but he never anticipated a role in the first-team. Working for RC Strasbourg, however, presented him his first full-time job at the club he supported as a young boy.[35] Hild moved Wenger from midfield to central defence, where he was positioned as a sweeper in reserve games.[35] In November 1978, he made his debut for the first team against MSV Duisburg in the UEFA Cup (a match Strasbourg lost 4–0) and a month later, Wenger played against champions AS Monaco in the First Division.[37] At the end of the 1978–79 season, RC Strasbourg won the league; Wenger did not join in the celebrations as he was preoccupied with the youth team.[38] He made his final appearance for the senior side in 1979.[39]

Wenger spent the last two years of his playing career predominantly running RC Strasbourg’s reserve and youth team. He became conscious of the importance of speaking English and during his holidays, enrolled on a three-week language course at Cambridge.[40] Wenger also studied for his coaching badge at the Centre de Ressources, d’expertise et de Performance Sportives (CREPS) in Strasbourg – this consisted of a course to coach children, followed by an intensive six-day course which led up to the national coaching badge.[41] The latter programme took place in Vichy, and was spread over three weeks, allowing Wenger to be able to put Frantz’s teachings of isometrics into practice.[42] In 1981, he received his manager’s diploma in Paris.[43]

Managerial career
1984–1994: Nancy and Monaco
Wenger’s management skills at Strasbourg impressed many French coaches, and he moved to Ligue 2 club Cannes in 1983, where he became Jean-Marc Guillou’s assistant.[44] Earning a steady wage of £300 per week, he was responsible for collecting information about opposition teams, and instilled discipline in the players through training sessions.[45] Wenger’s commitment to football was well documented; when asked what the young coach did during his spare time, general manager Richard Conte replied: “Videos, videos, videos. He was always watching videos of his opponents, of his own team. It didn’t matter what time of night.”[46] Cannes failed to win promotion to Ligue 1, but they reached the quarter-finals of the Coupe de France.[47] Wenger’s work in raising the standard of the squad did not go unnoticed, and in 1984, he accepted Aldo Platini’s offer to become manager of Nancy.[48]

Ballon d’Or winner George Weah played under Wenger at Monaco, where he won the Coupe de France.
The challenge of sustaining Nancy as a Ligue 1 club was difficult as Wenger inherited a squad of sub-standard quality and he was given limited money to spend.[49] He nevertheless relished the prospect of conducting business in the transfer market, and enjoyed freedom to trial theories he read about.[49] In his first season at Nancy, Wenger hired a dietician to explain the benefits of healthy eating and made it imperative that players did not snack before games.[50] He took the squad away from their usual summer training camp to Val Thorens, so that the players could acclimatise to the high-altitude.[50] Platini attested the move to their strong league starts.[50] From a managerial perspective, Wenger struggled to keep his emotions in check; losing made him “physically sick”, to the point where he once stopped the team bus to vomit after a game.[46] Wenger guided the club to a respectable 12th-place finish, all the more surprising given he constantly tinkered his team.[49] Players were moved out of their favoured positions, which for some maximised their potential.[49] Éric Bertrand, a striker signed from the lower divisions, was converted into a fullback, and by the end of Wenger’s time at Nancy, Éric Di Meco switched from a left winger to wing back.[51]

Nancy’s bottom-half finish proved a false down as the club finished 18th in the 1985–86 season, which meant they had to win a play-off match to avoid relegation. They retained their league status with a 3–2 aggregate win against Mulhouse. [52] The club however sold several of their best players to avoid financial predicament and provided Wenger with little funds to work with.[53][54] In Wenger’s final season in charge, Nancy finished 19th and were relegated to Ligue 2.[54] Despite the setbacks, he was contacted by AS Monaco over their vacant managerial job.[55] Talks had begun during the summer of 1986, but Nancy chairman Gérard Rousselot refused to release Wenger from his contract, and Monaco were not prepared to offer compensation.[55] Once Nancy’s relegation was confirmed, Wenger was permitted to leave the club by mutual consent and was confirmed as Monaco manager in 1987.[48]

Before joining Monaco, Wenger had identified several players to build his desired team.[56] Tottenham Hotspur midfielder Glenn Hoddle, granted a free transfer, and Patrick Battiston, out of contract at Bordeaux, were signed.[56] Striker Mark Hateley left Milan to join Monaco and was “encouraged to learn” that his fellow Englishman Hoddle would play in the same side as him.[57] Monaco won the league in Wenger’s debut season, six points ahead of runners-up Bordeaux.[58] Although the team scored more goals in 1988–89 due to the purchase of Liberian striker George Weah, Monaco failed to retain the league and finished third behind Olympique de Marseille and Paris Saint-Germain.[59] The club reached the final of the Coupe de France, the national knockout cup competition in the same season, but lost 4–3 to Marseille.[60]

Monaco again finished third in 1989–90; striker Ramón Díaz scored 15 goals in his first season at the club.[61][62] The club beat league winners Marseille in the Coupe de France final through a last minute goal from substitute Gérald Passi.[60] In 1991–92, Monaco finished in second place and lost the 1992 European Cup Winners’ Cup Final 2–0 to Werder Bremen.[63] Although Monaco acquired the services of German striker Jürgen Klinsmann, the club could not regain the championship and concluded the subsequent seasons in third and ninth positions.[64][65] Monaco did reach the semi-finals of the Champions League in April 1994, but lost to eventual winners Milan.[66] As a result of his work at Monaco, Wenger was sought after by German club Bayern Munich, who wanted him to be their next manager.[67] Monaco refused to let him leave and Wenger chose to stay, but a poor start to the 1994–95 season meant he was dismissed on 17 September 1994, with the team in 17th spot in the table.[68] In 2001, Wenger said that the impact of bribery and corruption had influenced his decision to leave France, as Marseille were found guilty of match fixing in 1994.[69]

1996–97: Appointment and first season
In August 1996, Arsenal dismissed Bruce Rioch as club manager.[94] Rioch’s position had become untenable after a dispute with the board over transfers, and his working relationship with Dein worsened during the course of his tenure.[94] Arsenal appointed Stewart Houston and later Pat Rice in temporary charge of the first team, while they searched for a full-time successor.[95] Although Barcelona player and manager Johan Cruyff was favourite to take over,[96] the board looked elsewhere, eventually backing Dein’s proposal to hire Wenger.[97] The appointment was delayed for several weeks as Wenger was under contract at Nagoya Grampus and the club wanted time to make a final decision.[98] In the meantime the Arsenal board refused to confirm the identity of their next manager, but speculation grew that it would be Wenger once the club signed French midfielders Patrick Vieira and Rémi Garde.[99] On 22 September 1996, Wenger was unveiled as Arsenal manager, after Nagoya Grampus granted him his release.[100] He officially assumed the role on 1 October 1996.[101] At his first press conference, he told reporters: “The main reason for coming is that I love English football, the roots of the game are here. I like the spirit round the game and at Arsenal I like the spirit of the club and its potential.”[102]


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